Sociology – Key Stage 4

Year 9

Half TermTopics to be coveredKey skills covered
Autumn HT 1GCSE SOCIOLOGY (Introductory Skills):
‘Intro to sociology: Research Methods’
(‘Social Experiments’ & ‘Research Design’ booklets needed)

Students will be introduced to central terms and concepts used in sociology and social research. For example:
1. Sociology/Society
2. Research Ethics
3. Quantitative/qualitative research
4. Primary/Secondary data
5. Sampling
(‘Social Experiments’ & ‘Research Design’ booklets needed)

• Students will be able to use sociological keywords pertaining to social research effectively

AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
Autumn HT 2GCSE SOCIOLOGY (Introductory Skills):
‘Social Issues: Essay writing skills’

‘Essay writing’ booklet needed

Students will look at three key issues in society:
1. Education (links to Y10 GCSE)
2. Animal welfare
3. Poverty (links to Y11 GCSE)

Key essay writing skills are taught over the course of 5-7 lessons. This introduces students to 12 mark questions and informs the basis of formative and summative assessments over the term.

Begin the ‘Family’ unit (3-5 lessons – depending on time left in HT)
‘Families’ Booklet needed

Students will be introduced to central terms and concepts used in sociology and social research. For example:
1. Nuclear Family
2. Extended Family
3. Divorce
4. Childcare
ESSAY WRITING (this unit of work is dedicated to essay writing in the context of the social world).

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources

Students will be able to use sociological keywords pertaining to social research effectively

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of the sociology of the family.
Spring HT 1Complete the ‘Family’ unit (5 lessons)
‘Families’ Booklet needed (Introductory Skills)

Students will be introduced to central terms and concepts used in sociology and social research. For example:
1. Demographics in the family
2. Welfare state

IMPORTANT: COMPLETE NORMS AND VALUES LESSONS (4 lesson series)

Students will be introduced to central terms and concepts used in sociology and social research. For example:
1. NORMS
2. VALUES

This unit contains keywords that will be important THROUGHOUT the GCSE course.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords related to the sociology of the family effectively

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources

Students will be able to use KEY sociological words (norms and values) related to the sociology GCSE course effectively.

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
Spring HT 2GCSE SOCIOLOGY (Introductory Skills):
‘Crime and Deviance’

Students will be introduced to central themes and concepts used in sociology ready for the ‘crime and deviance’ (Y11) module. Key words/themes studied are:
1. The nature of crime
2. The nature of deviance
3. Criminal Statistics
4. Why do people commit crime? (case studies: serial killers – 12 markers)
Students will be able to use sociological keywords pertaining to crime and deviance effectively.

ESSAY WRITING (this unit of work is dedicated to essay writing in the context of crime and deviance).

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources
Summer HT 1OFFICIALLY BEGIN THE GCSE SOCIOLOGY COURSE

GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 1:
‘Studying Society’

Students will be introduced to central terms and concepts used in sociology. For example:
1. Social structures, including the family, education and stratification systems
2. Social processes, including socialisation, social control and social change
3. social issues, including the causes and
consequences of inequality, and the sources,
distribution and exercise of power and authority.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords effectively (social research)

Students will be able to answer 4 & 5 mark questions.

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
Summer HT 2GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 1:
‘Studying Society: Research Methods’

Candidates should be able to:
1. Describe the research process with reference to the significance of research aims, hypotheses, pilot studies, sampling procedures, data collection and analysis and evaluation
2. Describe the instruments of the social survey,
the questionnaire and the interview, and be able to explain their use, value and limitations. They should also be able to describe the use, value and limitations of longitudinal studies
3. Describe the use of direct observation, participant and non-participant, by sociologists, and be aware of the value and limitations of these methods
4. Distinguish between primary and secondary
sources of data and to describe the use, value
and limitations of the latter. Candidates should
have some knowledge of the construction,
value and limitations of official statistics and
opinion polls
5. Make elementary deductions from diagrams,
charts, graphs and tables of statistics as well as numerical, written and other visual material
6. Understand the significance of evidence in
sociological discussions
7. Plan a simple research project, having regard to the ethical issues which might arise in the course of the research process.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords effectively (research methods)

Students will be able to answer 4, 5 & 6 mark questions.

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2.AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar

Year 10

Half TermTopics to be coveredKey skills covered
Autumn HT 1GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 1:
‘Studying Society’

Students will be introduced to central terms and concepts used in sociology. For example:
1. Social structures, including the family, education and stratification systems
2. Social processes, including socialisation, social control and social change
3. Social issues, including the causes and
consequences of inequality, and the sources,
distribution and exercise of power and authority.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords effectively

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
Autumn HT 2GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 1:
‘Studying Society: Research Methods’

Candidates should be able to:
1. Describe the research process with reference to the significance of research aims, hypotheses, pilot studies, sampling procedures, data collection and analysis and evaluation
2. Describe the instruments of the social survey,
the questionnaire and the interview, and be able to explain their use, value and limitations. They should also be able to describe the use, value and limitations of longitudinal studies
3. Describe the use of direct observation, participant and non-participant, by sociologists, and be aware of the value and limitations of these methods
4. Distinguish between primary and secondary
sources of data and to describe the use, value
and limitations of the latter. Candidates should
have some knowledge of the construction,
value and limitations of official statistics and
opinion polls
5. Make elementary deductions from diagrams,
charts, graphs and tables of statistics as well as numerical, written and other visual material
6. Understand the significance of evidence in
sociological discussions
7. Plan a simple research project, having regard to the ethical issues which might arise in the course of the research process.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords effectively

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
Spring HT 1GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 1
‘Education’
1. Describe and explain, at a basic level, the present structure of the education system, and have an understanding of related debates such as those about faith schools, testing, special needs, and alternative forms of educational provision
2. Describe and explain, at a basic level, variations in educational achievement in terms of class, gender and ethnicity.
3. Identify a range of influences on educational achievement, for example, parental values, peer groups, school ethos, streaming, labelling, teacher expectation, economic circumstances, cultural and ethnic background.
4. Describe and explain at a basic level the various functions that education is expected to fulfil today, such as serving the needs of the economy, facilitating social mobility and encouraging ‘Britishness’ and social cohesion.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords effectively

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources
Spring HT 2GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 1
Families

Candidates should be able to:
1. Define ‘family’ and to explain the presence of
diverse forms of the family in Britain today:
eg married/non‑married, couple/lone parent,
heterosexual/gay, extended/nuclear and
reconstituted. Candidates should be aware of cultural diversity, migration and changing working patterns as influences on marriage and the family in Britain.
Candidates should understand that an individual might live in many different family situations during a lifetime; and should be able to explain important changes that are taking place in family structures, eg the increase in single person households.
Candidates should be able to:
2. Describe and explain role and authority
relationships, eg between men and women,
parent(s) and children, members of the wider
family, describe changes in these relationships,
and relate them to the factors influencing such
changes
Students will be able to use sociological keywords effectively

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources
Summer HT 1GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 1
FAMILIES

1. Describe and explain changes in the patterns of fertility and expectations of life and be aware of their significance for individuals, family and society generally
2. Describe and explain, at a basic level, different sociological approaches to the family, both positive and critical, including, for example, the functionalist, the feminist
3. Describe and explain changes in the pattern of divorce in Britain since 1945 and be aware of the consequence of divorce for family members and structures. Candidates should have a basic knowledge of contemporary family‑related issues, such as the quality of parenting, the relationship between teenagers and adults, care of the disabled/elderly and arranged marriage.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords effectively

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources
Summer HT 2GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 2
MEDIA

Candidates should be able to identify the mass media and outline the major characteristics of this means of communication.
Candidates should be aware:
1. That there are different views of the nature of
the relationship between the mass media and
audience and how this may be affected by new technologies
of the significance of the mass media within the
socialisation process and be able to describe,
at a basic level, its part, along with other agents
of socialisation, in the development of people’s
political and social identities and views
• of the media as a source of power for the
individuals and organisations which own and/or
control it, and be able to describe and explain
the exercise of this power through, for example,
agenda setting, the creation and dissemination
of positive/negative images of particular groups/
organisations, eg environmentalists, animal rights
activists and lone parents
• of the potential significance for the distribution of
power of technological developments, such as the
internet
2. Of the ways in which the media may encourage
stereotyping, and be able to describe the process
of deviancy amplification
3. Of contemporary media related issues, such as
whether media exposure encourages violence.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords effectively

1. AO1 Recall, select and communicate knowledge :and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources

Year 11

Half TermTopics to be coveredKey skills covered
Autumn HT 1GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 2:
‘Media’ (RECAP: THREE WEEKS)

Candidates should be able to: Identify the mass media and outline the major characteristics of this means of communication.
Candidates should be aware:
1. Of the media as a source of power for the
individuals and organisations which own and/or
control it, and be able to describe and explain
the exercise of this power through, for example, agenda setting, the creation and dissemination of positive/negative images of particular groups/organisations, eg environmentalists, animal rights activists and lone parents
2. Of the potential significance for the distribution of power of technological developments, such as the internet
3. Of the ways in which the media may encourage stereotyping, and be able to describe the process of deviancy amplification
4. Of contemporary media related issues, such as whether media exposure encourages violence.

GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 2:
‘Crime and Deviance’ (3-4 WEEKS)

Candidates should be able to:
1. Distinguish the concepts of crime and deviance
2. Describe the ways in which individuals are
encouraged to conform to social rules both formal and informal.
Candidates should be aware, at a basic level, of the social distribution of crime, eg class, age, gender, ethnicity and locality.
Candidates should be able to:
3. Outline different sociological explanations of criminal and deviant behaviour, such as sub-cultural theories, labelling theory and relative deprivation
4. Assess, at a basic level, the usefulness of official crime figures, and self-report and victim studies, to sociologists
5. Describe the significance of criminal and deviant behaviour for victims, communities and society in general.
Candidates should be aware, at a basic level, of the ways in which criminal and deviant behaviour have generated public debates in recent years.
Candidates should understand, at a basic level, the nature and significance of social problems such as racism and teenage crime.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords pertaining to the media effectively

Students will be able to write 4, 5 and 12 mark questions on the media

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources

Students will be able to use sociological keywords pertaining to crime and deviance effectively

Students will be able to write 4, 5 and 12 mark questions on ‘crime and deviance’

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources
Autumn HT 2GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 2:
‘Crime and Deviance’

Candidates should be able to:
1. Distinguish the concepts of crime and deviance
2. Describe the ways in which individuals are
encouraged to conform to social rules both formal and informal.
Candidates should be aware, at a basic level, of the social distribution of crime, eg class, age, gender, ethnicity and locality.
Candidates should be able to:
3. Outline different sociological explanations of criminal and deviant behaviour, such as sub-cultural theories, labelling theory and relative deprivation
4. Assess, at a basic level, the usefulness of official crime figures, and self-report and victim studies, to sociologists
5. Describe the significance of criminal and deviant behaviour for victims, communities and society in general.
Candidates should be aware, at a basic level, of the ways in which criminal and deviant behaviour have generated public debates in recent years.
Candidates should understand, at a basic level, the nature and significance of social problems such as racism and teenage crime.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords pertaining to crime and deviance effectively

Students will be able to write 4, 5 and 12 mark questions on ‘crime and deviance’

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources
Spring HT 1GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 2
‘Power’ (5 weeks)

Candidates should have a basic understanding of the role of citizens in the political process in Britain.
Candidates should be able to:
1. Describe the opportunities for, and limitations on, participation in the political process, at local and national level, by individuals and communities and sections of society
2. Explain what might increase or lower the chances of such participation being successful
3. Explain how and why social factors such as age, gender, ethnicity and class influence the pattern of political participation and the distribution of political authority and power
Candidates should be aware of the ways in
which governments have attempted to alleviate
social problems, such as those associated with
discrimination, including the ageing population,
unemployment and poverty.
Candidates should be able to describe, at a basic level, the different political positions in debates about the Welfare State.
Candidates should be aware, at a basic level, of the nature and significance of power relationships in ‘everyday’ situations, such as those between employees and employers; children, parents, school teachers and other children; members of the public
and the police.
Students will be able to use sociological keywords pertaining to power dynamics in society effectively

Students will be able to write 4, 5 and 12 mark questions on ‘power’

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources
Spring HT 2GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 2:
Power (2-3 WEEKS)

Candidates should be aware of the ways in
which governments have attempted to alleviate
social problems, such as those associated with
discrimination, including the ageing population,
unemployment and poverty.
Candidates should be able to describe, at a basic level, the different political positions in debates about the Welfare State.
Candidates should be aware, at a basic level, of the nature and significance of power relationships in ‘everyday’ situations, such as those between employees and employers; children, parents, school teachers and other children; members of the public
and the police.

GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 2:
REVISION (3-4 WEEKS)

3-4 weeks focussed revision on UNIT 2 (Media, Crime and Deviance and Power)

(THIS INCLUDES LUNCHTIME/AFTER-SCHOOL REVISION SESSIONS)
Students will be able to use sociological keywords pertaining to power dynamics in society effectively

Students will be able to write 4, 5 and 12 mark questions on ‘power’

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources

Focussed effort on exam/ essay writing skills
Summer HT 1GCSE SOCIOLOGY UNIT 1:
REVISION (2 WEEKS)

3 weeks focussed revision on UNIT 1 (studying society/ education/ families)

(THIS INCLUDES LUNCHTIME/AFTER-SCHOOL REVISION SESSIONS)
Focussed effort on exam/ essay writing skills

1. AO1 : Recall, select and communicate knowledge and understanding of social structures, processes and issues
2. AO2 :Apply knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts both familiar and unfamiliar
3. AO3: Select, interpret, analyse and evaluate information from different sources
Summer Ht 2